It is becoming increasingly common to find information about research on the evolution of cosmetics with Cannabis. Compounds derived from the Cannabis sativa species contribute to the treatment of certain diseases, but they are also an extraordinary ally for the skin.
Its moisturising and nourishing properties make it a protective shield against skin ageing, and it is also very favourable in cases of acne, dryness and sensitive skin. In cosmetics, cannabis is used in the form of hemp oil, which may or may not be enriched with CBD.
What is Cannabis?
Plants of the genus Cannabis come from the Cannabaceae family, among which there are 3 main species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis.
Hemp oil, also known as Hemp, and Cannabidiol or CBD are obtained from the leaves and seeds of the Cannabis sativa species. Neither of these two derivatives are psychotropic.
On the other hand, the flowers, also known as the bud of Cannabis Sativa, contain tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, which is the active component of marijuana and has psychotropic effects. However, it is important to know that even though they come from the same plant, being from different parts of the same plant, their uses and results are also different.
In recent years, there has been an increase in scientific studies of these Cannabis derivatives; hemp oil and CBD due to the multiple benefits of incorporating them in cosmetics. And, on the other hand, THC to treat a variety of ailments, always under the control and indication of a medical specialist.
What is hemp oil?
This oil, whose name in English is Hemp, is one of those responsible for the development of cosmetics with Cannabis. As we said before, it is obtained from the seeds and leaves of the Cannabis sativa species, and has extraordinary properties for skin care because it is antioxidant and nourishing (due to its high vitamin E content), moisturising due to its Omega 3 and 6 components, and acts as a sebum regulator.
- Antioxidant and balances the skin’s natural oils.
Its action against free radicals delays the ageing process. It is also indicated in cases of acne because it balances oil production and prevents damage caused by environmental factors such as pollution.
- Moisturising and nourishing
It contains a very high percentage of essential fatty acids such as Omega 3 and Omega 6, which act as a moisturiser, prevent skin ageing and help revitalise dull and dry skin, giving it nutrients and radiance. It also works very well in the recovery of irritated skin.
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is one of the organic compounds found in the trichomes of the Cannabis sativa species. Research in this field of science has shown positive results in medical treatments for the control of epilepsy, chronic pain, degenerative diseases, arthritis, anxiety and insomnia, among others. Always under strict medical control, for the treatment of these and other diseases
Cosmetic benefits of CBD
Cannabis cosmetics promotes the use of the CBD molecule for its outstanding therapeutic uses, it is ideal for treating inflamed and sensitive skin, given its soothing and nourishing properties. CBD offers multiple contributions to the cosmetic industry in general, as it is a powerful natural antioxidant.
The endocannabinoid system
Let’s make an analogy to understand it better. In our body we have an endocannabinoid system comprising a series of receptors “locks” and, on the other hand, their corresponding “keys” that fit inside those locks, thus regulating many processes in the human body. In the skin, specifically, they contribute to the process of homeostasis (stability and self-regulation) as well as to skin protection (to prevent damage caused by environmental factors) and to the balance of the sebaceous glands.
Cannabis, Theobroma cacao and other plants contain phytocannabinoids in their structure, which are like “copies of the keys” that fit perfectly into the “locks” of our body’s endocannabinoid system.
Therefore, by using cosmetics with phytocannabinoid ingredients, we actively promote this system that regulates the processes in our body.
Is Cannabis cosmetics legal?
The cultivation of cannabis for industrial purposes of fibres and seeds is permitted. Lawyer Victoria Alonso has dedicated an article to this issue, given the controversy surrounding the use of this plant, due to the confusion caused by the lack of knowledge of the differences between CBD and THC, which we described above.
In order to market cosmetic products containing cannabis in Spain, they are subject to the condition of never exceeding 0.2% THC, and it must be stressed that they are products for external use and are not suitable for human consumption.
As we have been able to observe, the attributes of some species of cannabis are very encouraging for various treatments of illnesses, as well as for skin care.
The endocannabinoid system of our body and the compatibility with phytocannabinoids has aroused great interest in scientific research. Its study is progressing but much remains to be discovered.
León Cam, Juan José. (2017). Cannabis oil. Revista de la Sociedad Química del Perú, 83(3), 261-263. Retrieved March 10, 2021, from http://www.scielo.org.pe/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1810-634X2017000300001&lng=es&tlng=es.
Alonso, Victoria (2020). The legal framework of cannabis in the cosmetic sector. Collaboration for Perfumery and Cosmetics Sales. Spain. Retrieved February 16, 2021, from https://www.revistavpc.es/colaboraciones/4029-el-marco-legal-del-cannabis-en-el-sector-cosmetico.html.